November 5th, 1862
"We have sent 56l. this week for the cotton distress and more will go each week, we hope, for three months. I sent the price of three sets of 'Mazzaroth,' I cannot help giving away what I get for it, so far."
Frances could not help but contribute to the people of Lancashire starving because of the cotton distress. No cotton meant no work in the mills, and whole families were starving as a result. Frances' nephew, a clergyman in that area, received and distributed the money she was able to give and collect from others.
I've noted the cotton distress many times in Frances' letters, but only now understood that the reason for this terrible suffering was the American Civil War. The Lancashire mills depended on American cotton, but the Northern blockades prevented the export of Southern goods. Here is a link to a New York Times article about it, published November 26, 1862.
The article gives horrifying statistics, made even more so by Lord Sydney Godolphin Osborne's description of the process of dying by starvation, found several paragraph's down the article.